Friday, 27 July 2012

The Qur’an on Mountains

A book entitled Earth (basic reference textbook in many universities) state that mountains have underlying roots. These roots are deeply embedded in the ground, thus, mountains have a shape like a peg.

Mountains have deep roots under the surface of the ground. (Earth, Press and Siever, p. 413.)

Schematic section.  The mountains, like pegs, have deep roots embedded in the ground. (Anatomy of the Earth, Cailleux, p. 220.)

Another illustration shows how the mountains are peg-like in shape, due to their deep roots. (Earth Science, Tarbuck and Lutgens, p. 158.)

Let's see what ALLAH has said in Quran Majeed

"Have We not made the earth as a bed, and the mountains as pegs?"

(Qur’an, 78:6-7)

Modern earth science have proven that mountains have deep roots under the surface of the ground and that these roots can reach several times their elevations above the surface of ground. So the most proper word for this kind of thing is indeed "peg". As most part of a properly set peg is inside the ground.

The theory about deep roots of mountains was first introduced in 1865 by the Astronomer Royal, Sir George Airy. More then 12 centuries after the above verse of Quran was revealed.

Mountains stabilize the crust of the earth. They also hinder the shaking of the earth.
Let's now see what ALLAH has said in the Quran:

"And He has set firm mountains in the earth so that it would not shake with you... "
(Quran, 16:15)

Likewise, modern theory of plate tectonics holds that mountains work as stabilizers for the earth. This knowledge begun to be understood in the framework of plate tectonics since the late 1960’s.

Could a common human being during the time of the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.W)  have known the true of the shape of mountains without any scientific knowledge or modern equipment?
Could a common human being can only imagine that the solid massive mountain can actually extends deep into the earth and has a root?
So we can say that the above Quranic verses are not revealed by any ordinary human being but by a Supreme power Who has made the Earth Himself i.e. ALLAH. Modern geology has confirmed the truth of the Quranic verses.

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